Cloud service providers such as Amazon Web Services (AWS) place a high priority on the security of their infrastructure and services, and are subject to regular, stringent third-party compliance audits. These CSPs provide a secure foundation, but clients are still responsible for securing their data in the cloud and complying with their data protection requirements. This theory is substantiated by Gartner, which estimates that, through 2020, workloads hosted on public cloud will have at least 60% fewer security incidents than workloads hosted in traditional data centers, and 95% of cloud security failures through 2022 will be the fault of customers.
Updating how you think about cybersecurity and the cloud
Despite the significant security advances made by CSPs since the birth of cloud, users still need a deep understanding of the cloud’s shared responsibilities, services, and technologies to align information security management systems (ISMS) to the cloud. Today, the majority of data breaches in the cloud are the result of customers not fully understanding their data protection responsibilities and adopting poor cloud security practices. As the public cloud services market and enterprise-scale cloud adoption continues to grow, organizations must have a comprehensive understanding of not just cloud, but cloud security specifically.
The cloud can be secure – but are your policies?
A poor grasp of the core differences between on-premises and cloud technology solutions resulted in a number of misconceptions during the early days of cloud adoption. This lack of understanding helped fuel one of the most notable and pervasive cloud myths in the past: that it lacked adequate security. By now, most people have come to realize that cloud adoption and digital transformation do not require a security tradeoff. In fact, the cloud can provide significant governance, risk, and compliance (GRC) advantages over traditional on-premises environments. A cloud-enabled business can leverage the secure foundation of the cloud to increase security posture, reduce regulatory compliance scope, and mitigate organizational responsibilities and risk.
It is common to see enterprise organizations lacking the necessary expertise to become cloud resilient. Companies can address this skills gap through prescriptive reference architectures. AWS, for example, has created compliance programs for dozens of regulatory standards, including ISO 27001, PCI DSS, SOC 1/2/3, and government regulations like FedRAMP, FISMA, and HIPAA in the United States and several European and APAC standards. Beyond these frameworks, consultants and managed service providers can work with organizations to provide guidance or architect environments to meet their compliance needs.
Regardless of the services leveraged, the cloud’s shared responsibility model ensures that the customer will always be responsible for protecting their data in the cloud.
Making the change
Similar to the challenges and benefits of implementing DevOps (discussed here by our CEO, Robb Allen), effective cloud security requires a culture change with the adoption of DevSecOps, shifting the thinking in how teams work together to support the business. By eliminating the barriers between development, operations, and security teams, organizations can foster a unified approach to security. When everyone plays a role in maintaining security, you foster collaboration and a shared goal of securely and reliably meeting objectives at the speed of the modern business.
Additionally, cloud-specific services and technologies can provide autonomous governance of your ISMS in the cloud. They can become a security blanket capable of automatically mitigating potential security problems, discovering issues faster, and addressing threats more quickly. These types of services can be crucial to the success of security programs, especially for large, dynamic enterprises or organizations in heavily regulated industries.
Implementing the right cloud tools can lead to significant reductions in security incidents and failures, giving your teams greater freedom and autonomy to explore how they use the cloud.
The way to the promised land
Security teams and organizations as a whole need to have a deep understanding of cloud security best practices, services, and responsibilities to create a strategic security plan governed by policies that align with business requirements and risk appetite. Ultimately, however, a proper cloud security strategy needs buy-in and support from key decision makers and it needs to be governed through strategic planning and sound organizational policies. Your cloud security strategy should enable your business to scale and innovate quickly while effectively managing enterprise risk.